1. Rules & Laws

Our society has rules and laws to keep everyone safe and help our government run the country. Our parents make rules for us at home to keep us safe. These rules also help families live together happily. Schools make rules for these reasons too. If we break a law or a rule, we receive a punishment.

Communities have Rules and Laws

Rules Are important
Rules help people know what they should or should not do. Most groups have rules. Groups may make or change rules together. A law is a rule that everyone in a community, state, or nation must follow.
Making and Following Laws
People choose leaders to make laws. Leaders are in charge of police. Police tell people how to obey laws and stop those who break laws. People also choose judges. A judge helps decide if someone has broken a law. A judge also says what the consequence is for breaking a law. A consequence is something that happens because of something else.
Rules and Laws in the Community
Some rules and laws help people share resources. Other rules and laws help people get along. Still other rules and laws keep people safe.

The development of law

When humans lived in small tribes they survived by helping each other. Cooperation was often considered more important than competition. They had unwritten agreements within their society to share resources such as food and water; to look after children and to protect each other.

As society became more complex, our law making became more structured. The Greeks and Romans used assemblies of leading citizens to make laws which applied to everyone in their society. Kings and other rulers used councils and meetings of Lords to advise the ruler and help make laws.

Until 1828, Australia used laws made in Britain. Between 1200 and 1900 there was a struggle between the Monarch and the Parliament. As the power of the Parliament slowly increased, the power of the monarch decreased.
Subpages (4): Courts Crossword Laws Rules