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Poetry

Poetry Animation

What is a poem?

poem uses descriptions to paint pictures in the minds of the audience. A poem is a text that uses words in a creative way to express an idea or describe a subject. Poems are short, complex and sometimes abstract.

Poetry can be:

  • structured with rules about rhyme, metre, rhythm, length or shape
  • unstructured with no rules (called free verse)
  • about any topic or subject.

Understanding poetry

Poetry is a form of expression that can be either structured or unstructured. To understand the overall meaning or theme of a poem, it is important to analyse it. You can do this by reading or listening to the poem several times and writing down your personal responses and observations.

Language techniques are an important part of poetry. These techniques include, but are not limited to:

  • rhyme
  • repetition of words or sounds
  • collocation (word groups that relate to the same subject)
  • metaphor / simile
  • imagery (descriptive language).


Examples of poetry

There are many different types of poems. Some poems follow a certain structure while other poems do not.

Poems can have an overall message, record an event, provide entertainment, or describe an experience or object.  There are countless ideas for writing poems. Consider this possible list of ideas and themes:

  • funny or silly
  • an important event
  • growing up
  • dreams and hopes
  • friendship or love
  • the environment
  • your favourite animal or pet
  • an object of your choice.

Creating poetry

Creating a poem can be a lot of fun. You will first need to decide what the topic of your poem will be and how you want to structure your poem. Writing a poem requires the skills of observation, description and response.

It might be helpful to brainstorm ideas for your poem by writing down thoughts, ideas and words that relate to your topic. You will then have a list of ideas that you can use to create a poem. 

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